Title IX of the US Education Amendment of 1972 states that:
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.
Here is a link to the UCTV news piece on the controversy over the effects of Title IX on athletics at UCSD that we watched in lecture.
Though most visibly controversial in the field of athletics, Title IX has been an important law for protecting individuals against discrimination in diverse arenas:
Many people have never heard of Title IX. Most people who know about Title IX think it applies only to sports, but athletics is only one of 10 key areas addressed by the law. These areas are: Access to Higher Education, Career Education, Education for Pregnant and Parenting Students, Employment, Learning Environment, Math and Science, Sexual Harassment, Standardized Testing and Technology.
For more info on Title IX, check out http://www.titleix.info.